Sunburns are normally caused by the UV-rays from the sun, but it is also common and possible to get a sunburn from tanning beds (UV lights) and other sources. Sunburn is a burn which is caused on the skin due to overexposure to the sun. Sunburn can be caused not only due to exposure to the sun but also to tanning lamps, UV light, etc. Sunburns could be darkening of the color of the skin quite like tanning, or they may also cause other kinds of burns such as chapping of the skin, discoloration and even blistering. Sunburns may burn or tingle for a few hours even after the exposure to the sun is stopped. Some people are affected by sunburns more easily than the others. lt has been found that people with fairer skin have more chances of getting sunburned than people with darker skins.

It is obvious that people who visit beaches often also get sunburns very frequently. People who sunbathe and deliberately work on getting a tan on their skins have a high risk of sunburn. Wearing clothing minimizes the chances of getting sunburns. Hence, it is found that people who put on swimwear get sunburns only on the exposed parts of their skins. Though, most sunburns are mild problems that correct themselves in a few days, constantly getting your skin sunburned can increase the chances of skin cancer. Therefore, it is not good to expose your skin to the sun more than it is necessary.

Most sunburns are actually first-degree burns, though sometimes they can be second-degree. Blisters, skin irritation, general discomfort and other symptoms will occur.with a sunburn within the first eight to twelve hours. Normally, no sunburn relief will naturally occur until as far as four days after the triggering event. As the sunburn severity increases, other symptoms may include cluster headaches, stomach discomfort, and severe itching. Some of the side effects can be debilitating temporarily. To avoid this siiuation, sunburn remedies and relief need to be considered on hand at all times.

Sunburns can be one of three different degrees, with the most dangerous needing a severe sunburn treatment depending upon the symptoms that manifest. You can tell which degree of sunburn you have.

First-degree Sunburns

Almost everyone has this milder type qf sunburn on a yearly basis.

With these, you have red skin and pain, but not water blisters and probably not much swelling. you should take cool baths or cool low-pressure showers and apply an aloe- based lotion or jell. There may be some peeling if so keep the peeling skin moisturized and treat it with TLC. lf you need pain medication, take aspirin or lbuprofen as directed on the Package.

Second-degree Sunburns

second degree sunburn

These are more serious, but these can still be treated at home and do not necessitate professional medical help. With these 2nd degree burns you have red skin, pain, but now you also have unsightly and painful water blisters. Again, as soon as you discover that you are burned, take cool oatmeal baths or low-pressure showers, or you could also use cool compresses. lf you decide to use the cool compresses, make them from some soft material like a soft towel. Use the aloe-based lotion to keep the sunburned areas moist. Do not apply butter or petroleum-based producti as a sunburn treatment. These tend to clog the skin pores, drive the heat down, and could cause infection. Leave the water bubbles alone; do not pop them as they form a protective layer and help prevent infection. Be gentle with your peeling skin and resist the urge to peel back more than is ready to come off. Take OTC pain medication such as aspirin, Advil, Motrin, or lbuprofen as directed on the box. Continue taking the medication, as directed, until the redness and pain recede.

Third-degree Burns

These are the type of burns that are the most serious and necessitate immediate professional medical attention. With this sunburn, you will definitely need a severe sunburn treatment. They are easily recognizable as they are characterized by pain, redness, swelling, tightness of skin, blisters that are more than two inches in diameter, and white patches of skin within the sunburned area. Additionally, if your sunburn covers a large part of your body with blisters (even if they are smaller than 2″ in diameter, or if you have severe pain or a high fever, or if your sunburn doesn’t markedly improve within a few days.

One solution is creating one’s homemade sunburn relief products. One benefit from these is the ability to react quickly to a sunburn and get relief going. As the most prevalent sunburn is only a first-degree burn, the top layer of skin is the only impacted area. Thus, applying sunburn remedies quickly will result in a quicker healing process. Those sunburn relief options using items such as benzocaine can trigger allergic reactions, and sometimes coat the skin to the level where the healing process actually takes longer than untreated sunburn skin.


One of the most common symptoms of sunburn is itching of the affected area. Getting sunburn relief on the itching can be a daunting task.

Useful Herbs in the Treatment of Sunburn

Indian Aloe (A/oe barbadensrs): The lndian aloe, more commonly known as the aloe vera, is a good sunscreen while going out on the beach. lts paste must be applied on the skin before going out into the sun. lt is a natural barricade to the harmful rays of the sun. Sandalwood (Santalum albo\: Sandalwood, known commonly in lndia as Chandana, is known for its cooling properties. But at the same time, it is an herbal sunscreen. lts paste is applied to the skin. However, the paste is generally diluted because it becomes too thick and stretches uncomfortably on the skin’

Dietary guidelines for treatment of Sunburn

lf you have sunburn, then it most certainly means that your skin has become dehydrated. You will have to replenish the water content. Drink lots of water (even though it makes you urinate a lot), and also stick to a liquid diet if possible for one whole day. Eat a lot of fruits that are high in Water content such as watermelons, oranges, sweet limes, and cantaloupes.

Ayurveda Treatments for Sunburn

ln case of mild sunburns, water therapies are used. But if the sunburn is severe, then medicaments such as satadhuta ghritam, aranaladi taila, and chandanadi taila are used for external application.

Home Remedies for Treatment of Sunburn

  • lf the sunburn is mild enough, then you can effectively use a cold and wet compress to correct the problem. This must be done for ten to fifteen minutes, thrice daily till the sunburn has healed completely. You can add some baking soda to the water to get better relief.
  • Almost all creams available in the market are good enough for simple sunburns. You must make sure that vitamin E is an ingredient of the cream, though.
  • For slightly more aggravated sunburns, yot, can have a tub bath in cool water. Be sure to keep the sunburned parts of your skin for at least fifteen minutes in the water. There will be better effects if the water is in constant motion, like in a Jacuzzi.
  • lf the sunburn has affected your cheeks and the areas under your eyes, then used tea bags or slices of cucumber, potato and tomato can be placed on those regions.
  • Mix tomato juice in buttermilk, in the ratio of 1:6 by composition. Apply this to the sunburned parts. Both these sour elements will help the skin to be healed very quickly. you can take cabbage or lettuce leaves and soak them in cold water or refrigerate them. When they are cold enough, lay them on the affected parts of the skin. This will reduce the sunburns and healthem.
  • Apply lanolin lotion to the skin hefore going out in the sun. This will act as a sunscreen and prevent your skin from the sunburns.
  • For sunburns on the face, this is a very good recipe. Mix some barley powder in milk and make it into a paste. Add little olive oil to it. Then add honey and the white of an egg. Blend the whole thing into a consistent paste and apply it on the skin. This method is onty effective for sunburns on the face.
  • lf your skin is tanning on exposure to the sun, then it is actually a good sign. Nature has provided us with this protection. The tanning is caused due to extra secretion of the pigment melanin. This makes the skin darker, which reduces the chances of getting sunburns.



  • Don’t use alcohol or iodine on the blister because these may delay healing. Loosely apply a bandage or gauze so the tape doesn’t touch the blister.
  • lf the skin under the bandage begins to itch or develop a rash, stop using the ointment.
  • Change the bandage every day and every time it gets wet or dirty. Soak the bandage in cool water just before removing it, to make it easier to take off without pulling your skin.

Signs of infection

  • lncreased pain, swelling or redness after days since the burn
  • Red streaks extending out from the blister
  • Fever still after several days from the original burn occurred
  • Vision problems
  • Fever develops days after the original burn
  • Dehydration occurs and you’re not able to drink enough
  • Signs of skin infection in blisters
  • Signs of an allergic reaction
  • Symptoms become more severe

More Sunburn Relief Tips

  • Take a cool bath-not ice cold, but cool–and don’t use bath salts, oil or bubble bath.
  • Do not scrub your skin or shave your skin. Use an extra soft, absorbent 100% cotton towel and pat your skin dry.
  • Use a sunburn remedy containing Aloe Vera.
  • Use a light moisturizer or a dusting of power to ease chafing and irritation of the skin.
  • Stay out of the sun! lf the sunburn is severe or you are blistering, feelfaint or nauseous, see a doctor immediately.

Sunburn Prevention Tips

sunburn prevention tips

The best treatment for sunburn is prevention. Some tips are:

  • Carry a waist bag that can also be worn in the water for quick and easy access to your sunscreen.
  • Use a generous amount of sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 15 before going into the sun. Every 2 hours, reapply sunscreen, especially if sweating a lot.
  • Also, reapply after swimming. Pay particular attention to the more prone sunburn areas of the body such as your face, nose, ears, upper back, and shoulders.
  • Reapply sunscreen to exposed areas such as face, upper back, and shoulders every 2 hours when just standing in water, walking on the beach, or playing sports.
  • Carry a beach umbrella to shade yourself whenever you and your family are lying on the beach and not in the water. Make sure your beach umbrella that has a reflective undercoating with an SPF of at least 35 to fully block out the sun.
  • Wear a loose cotton shirt to protect and prevent your back and shoulders from being sunburnt if you do not use a beach umbrella.
  • Cover your legs with a beach blanket while sitting on your beach chair if you do not use a beach umbrella.
  • Wear a sun hat to protect and prevent your head, nose, and face from being sunburnt if you do not use a beach umbrella.
  • Wear wrap-around sunglasses with UV protection to protect your eyes from the sun’s UV light.
  • Use a lip balm with sunscreen to protect and prevent your lips from being sunburnt.
  • Wear slippers to protect the soles of feet from being burnt before walking on the beach’s dry hot sand.