Pregnancy is such an exciting and joyous time in a woman’s life. However, it can also make some women experience many unpleasant problems. Some of the most common issues that can occur during pregnancy include:

  • Vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Frequent urination
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Sore nipples
  • Dry skin
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Runny nose
  • Chapped lips
  • Nausea
  • Pregnancy gingitivits
  • Fatigue

These symptoms are almost always caused by the woman’s hormonal fluctuations, which are a normal and natural occurrence during pregnancy.

What Does Dry Mouth Mean During Pregnancy?

Many pregnant women will experience an increase in thirst or a dry mouth, but this is nothing to worry about as it’s just another common symptom many pregnant women experience as a result of hormonal changes in the body.

What Are The Causes and Symptoms of Dry Mouth During Pregnancy?

Dry Mouth During Pregnancy

Many pregnant women will experience a very dry mouth at some point during their pregnancy, and they may wonder if this is a normal during pregnancy. In the early stages of pregnancy, women will often experience symptoms such as cotton mouth and bad breath when they awake in the mornings. If left untreated, the lack of saliva in the mouth can lead to further issues such as problems with cervical mucus. Issues with cervical mucus can in turn lead to further problems such as a yeast infection, an experience that is uncomfortable enough for women in general, but can be even more uncomfortable for pregnant women.  The specific causes of dry mouth during pregnancy are still unclear, however, many healthcare professionals believe that there are several factors that may contribute to the dry mouth experience during pregnancy. These factors include:

Dehydration

Many women will wake up with a very dry mouth despite drinking the usual amount of water that they would normally. The reason this happens is because there is an increase in bodily fluids as the fetus grows and develops in the womb. Frequent urination and the increase in metabolic processes during pregnancy can also result in the body needing a higher intake of water. A higher intake of drinking water is needed due to the fact that the body uses up more liquid and at a much faster rate during pregnancy. There are some other symptoms that usually accompany dry mouth if this is the cause. These include:

  • Difficulty with eating or swallowing
  • Bad breath
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Roughness or rawness of the tongue
  • Runny nose
  • A burning sensation in the throat
  • Sore throat
  • Dry or chapped lips
  • Dry skin infections

Gestational Diabetes

If you experience symptoms of dry mouth during pregnancy, it is important to inform your doctor as in some cases, dry mouth can indicate deeper issues such as gestational diabetes. High levels of sugar in the blood can cause increased thirst and more frequent urination. With this in mind, women who have gestational diabetes are more likely to experience dry mouth as their bodies lose more water than those without diabetes.

Prescription Drugs

Some prescription drugs can increase the likelihood of experiencing dry mouth symptoms. Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescribed drugs and many over-the-counter medications, however this is not a serious issue. As this is the case, it is important to consult with a doctor so that they can determine the cause of your dry mouth symptoms. Your doctor will perform a few tests to rule out any chances of diabetes and determine the culprit.

How to Treat Dry Mouth During Pregnancy

Dry Mouth During Pregnancy

There is no existing medical treatment to relieve dry mouth, however, there are some home remedies that can help to soothe the symptoms. These include:

  • Keep your mouth constantly damp by doing drinking water therapy. This means taking a few sips of water every half hour. Drink plenty of fluids while eating to help with chewing and swallowing.
  • Keep your mouth closed as much as possible, including during sleep. Sleep-disordered breathing can increase dry mouth symptoms.
  • Try to make a conscious effort to breathe through your nose.  
  • Keep the nasal passage clear by breathing in steam. Do this for fifteen to twenty minutes daily. This can also help to keep the mouth damp.
  • Avoid beverages that dehydrate such as coffee, soda, drinks that contain caffeine and alcohol. These drinks result in loss of bodily fluids and can result in dehydration and dry mouth.
  • Keep the mouth clean by practicing good oral hygiene. This includes brushing, flossing and rinsing the mouth. Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol as these can further dry the mouth. Plaque build up in the mouth can lead to further issues such as pregnancy gingivitis, so the mouth must remain clean.
  • Avoid smoking as this causes the mouth the become dryer and can also have damaging effects on the growing fetus.

How to Relieve the Early Pregnancy Symptoms of Dry Mouth

During the first trimester of pregnancy, many fluids get processed through the kidneys. There is also an increase in the amount of blood that is present in the body. As the body is trying to store water, this can result in feelings of dehydration and dry mouth.

The easiest way to avoid or reduce dry mouth symptoms and signs during early pregnancy is to drink plenty of fluids. Keep a bottle of water on hand at all times so that you always have water readily available whenever you need to take a sip. This makes it easier to consume enough water as needed throughout the day.

There are some drinks that can help with dry mouth due to the vitamins they contain. Coconut water is a great example as it contains many minerals and vitamins that help with dehydration.

Women who suffer from morning sickness, vomiting through the day, or frequent urination should ensure that they drink plenty of fluids, as these common symptoms can drastically dehydrate a person.

During the first trimester of pregnancy, many women will experience a mental cottonmouth issue, which increases the discomfort of early morning sickness. In cases like this, drinking citrus flavoured drinks such as lemonade or orange juice can reduce the metallic taste in the mouth that this condition causes. If the problem continues even after precautionary measures have been taken, then the issue should be addressed and diagnosed properly by a healthcare professional.

A dry or sore throat may also become an issue in women who suffer from dry mouth. This is because the dryness within the mouth spreads further towards the throat, causing dryness in that area as well. This can cause issues such as coughing and can make eating and swallowing difficult.

Home Remedies for Dry Throat During Pregnancy

There are many remedies available to treat a dry and sore throat. A dry mouth gel might seem like the most obvious option, however, this isn’t always necessary. Following are some other methods and remedies for treating dry mouth and throat:

Consume Lozenges and Liquids

Eating sweets and lozenges is a great way to  treat a dry throat. Sucking on sweets or lozenges causes the mouth to produce more saliva and so can alleviate the uncomfortable feeling of a dry mouth and throat.

Drinking mild herbal teas can also be a great way to treat a dry throat. Many supermarkets and food stores sell pregnancy teas that help to support a healthy pregnancy. Drinking these types of beverages can be a great way to get enough fluids into your body as well as relieve the symptoms of a dry mouth and throat.

Chewing Gum

Chewing gum can stimulate your salivary gland, resulting in your mouth creating more saliva. This means that chewing gum can help to keep both your mouth and throat lubricated and can relieve them from feeling dry.

Cayenne Pepper

When a bit of cayenne pepper is rubbed over the tongue, it causes a slight burning sensation within the mouth. This sensation stimulates the salivary glands and promotes the production of more saliva. Cayenne pepper can also make a great addition to your meals, as it can easily be sprinkled over a number of dishes.

Fennel Seeds

Fennel seeds to alleviate dry mouth during pregnancy

The flavonoids in fennel seeds can lead to the production of more saliva. If you have issues with bad breath or dry mouth and throat, chewing on a few fennel seeds several times each day can treat the issue.

Grape Seed Oil

Grapeseed oil acts as a great lubricant for the mouth and is perfect for treating dry mouth. Rub a bit of grapeseed oil over your tongue and on the inside of your cheeks before you go to bed and leave it on overnight. Then, when you wake up in the morning, rinse the oil away with some warm water and then brush your teeth using a fluoride-based toothpaste. This remedy is great for treating the dry feeling in the mouth.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera stimulates the salivary glands and promotes the secretion of more saliva in the mouth. Drinking a small amount of aloe vera or rinsing your mouth with aloe vera are both great methods for relieving dry mouth problems.

Ginger

Ginger is very effective in activating the salivary glands and also provides a nice fresh feel to the mouth. Chewing on a small amount of ginger can create enough saliva to relieve the symptoms of a dry mouth and throat. Ginger is a great appetizer and also helps to freshen breath. Ginger juice can also be consumed to relieve dry throat and mouth symptoms.

Final Thoughts on Mouth Dryness During Pregnancy

Although dry mouth is a pretty common and normal condition for a pregnant woman to experience, there are sometimes other conditions that can trigger the problem. Some of these issues can be easily treated whereas others are a little more serious. For example, dry throat and mouth could be early signs of ectopic pregnancy. A proper diagnosis from a healthcare professional will alleviate any worries surrounding dry mouth or throat. If you are experience persistent symptoms of dry mouth, then it is important that you see your doctor when these early signs arise so that it can be properly diagnosed.Then, you can employ the appropriate treatment to resolve the issue. It is also important to note that, if left untreated, dry mouth can lead to further issues such as gum disease or tooth decay. With this in mind, remember that an early diagnosis and treatment is key. .