Lice are known as minute pests with three types of human lice:

1. Head lice

Head or hair liceHead/hair lice {Pediculus humanus capitis), survives with its nits laid on the hair of the head. These are small, flat wingless insects which crawl very quickly. They are parasitic feeding on human blood, causing itching which lead to scalp swelling and irritation. These affects majorly children from the ages of 3 and 12 with females having the infestation more than males possibly as a result of the females having longer hair, sharing brushes or claying together in closer proximity. They multiply quickly and infest anyone that comes in contact with the host. Exposure and cure is vital to protect against a burst at home, in school, and the entire community.

2. Body Lice

Body Lice {Pediculius humonus corporis), targets diverse parts of the body. Body lice are less common as they are mostly found in extremely underprivileged zones where diet and cleanness is deficient. Indications include austere itching, small, red and swollen bumps, tenderness felt around the base of the neck or torso where the body lice may be feeding. The treatment includes systematic washing of all clothing, bedding and body.

3. Pubic Lice

Pubic lice (Pithirus pubis) are very tiny, rounded body with crab like legs to attach to the pubic hair of the human body. They can be found in a mustache or in armpit hair as well. Pubic lice spread mostly through sexual relationship and through the sharing of private hygiene items like a hair brush, towels and clothing. Symptoms are light to severe itching; tiny, hard to see blue gray bumps on the skin. Cure include a medic’s examination with a prescribed medication containing lindane. This is not endorsed for children under age of 6 as it can result into potential reactionary risks.


Nits are the produced lice eggs and are generally found glued to the fur shaft nearby to the nape af the neck, behind the ears, and around the back of the scalp. Lice eggs are brown, usually found close to the scalp. Already hatched eggs are found further from the scalp which are probably white or clear in color. It takes 10 days for nits to hatch with a hatched nit must feed on blood within 45 minutes to survive. It takes 10 days for the nits to fully mature enabling them to procreate with an average female louse laying 50 to 150 eggs in a lifetime. The male and female louse mate in the hair. Nits are waterproof. The darker ones are live having the nymph while the lighter ones are hatched shells. The nits are hard to remove, even with a good nit comb. White vinegar helps to break down chitin, making it very easy to. Rinse the hair with warm water, and wash with shampoo to kill the adult insects, then dry the hair. Use a proper comb, and thoroughly comb the hair.


Head liceAn adult head louse is a wingless insect, approximately 3mm in length, with the body long, slim and flat. It has six legs protruding from the body. Each leg has a claw allowing the louse to grip into hair stands and move around the scalp. The color varies from tan to a dark brown. Nits with unborn insects are dark in color while the hatched nits are lighter which may be muddled with dandruff. Lice lay their eggs in a nest where they can be kept warm. Nymphs live close to the scalp and are known as the baby lice. Nymphs grow into adulthood within 9-12 days, detaching their exoskeleton thrice. They begin to lay their eggs, up to 10 each day for the next three weeks and the lice lifecycle continues.


Infested individuals encounter serious irritation in the affected areas of the body like the armpits, abdomen, bra band or any other body parts having closer apparel sizings. Many victims detect reddish bumps in the affected areas on the skin becoming thick, due to the regular scratching. If lice infestation is left neglected, the waist area becomes disfigured or with little swollen. These can be prevented in several ways, one of which is to teach one’s children not to share clothing or personal care items, especially hair brushes or accessories or helmets in sports. It is recommended for one to purchase own helmet. Also, early exposure and taking adequate action if found with the right lice shampoo to avoid full epidemic. One can use a natural lice cure such as the natural oils, natural enzymes to destroy lice and to remove nits.


Body lice can be contacted by putting on clothing contaminated with the lice, not bathing day-to-day, through direct contact with an infected person. Head lice plague occurs more on children making parents to get worried when this happens. Being a parent with school-going young children, will make one to be familiar with head lice. If one’s child has lice, it does not mean he or she has dirty skull or that one’s parenting skills are worthless, or probably that the home is dirty. Head lice spread from one person to another through sharing of private objects which could be infected or having direct contact with an infected person.


With the six legs that end in a claw, lice handle the hair shaft and quickly move from one hair strand to the other. The two front legs are largest which are used to grab hair strand. Lice like to stay in the hair because of the continuous temperature which enable them to reproduce constantly. The male specie has bigger forelegs but the female has a bigger body. In removing hair/head lice, it is inevitable to comb lice out of the hair which is the most effective way of removing hair lice. Divide the hair into sections, separating each section, use the hair lice comb to run through each portioned part. Shake the comb to enable anything caught to dump on the water. Repeat for all the hair sections, and flush. Fumigate the comb by soaking it in ammonia water for fifteen minutes or boil the comb for fifteen minutes, then use an antediluvian toothbrush to remove any remaining dirt, thereafter use l tsp ammonia to 2 cups hot water. Use already laundered towel and other clothing with the dryer set on high for thirty minutes to destroy any lice or eggs that dropped or got on to the clothes. Continually use the hair lice comb until all nits are completely removed.


When checking for lice, a fine tooth-combed is an effective tool expressly planned to catch and remove these bloodsuckers. These simple tools have very fine teeth that can catch lice and remove them from hair.

Head or hair liceAnother way to check for lice is to part the hair into segments and then look at each section one at a time. After inspecting a section of hair, mark it with a clip or hair pin. This method exposes the pest more and easier to remove making it a good way to find and get rid of lice from a child’s head. Also, this method works efficiently with an enlarging cut-glass under a bright well-lit, especially for people who have light-colored hair.

Furthermore, a warm comb may also be used to check for lice. This can be done by heating up a comb so that it feels pleasantly hot on the scalp, and pass it through hair. This thrills the lice causing them to leave their usual hiding places in the bases of hair shafts, close to the scalp. It is also a proven effective method making use of a lice comb or an ordinary comb.

One can also look for common symptoms. Though late in the infestation, the most obvious symptom is itching or a child complaining of feeling like things are creeping on the head. Grab a fine tooth comb and spread hair to look for those small flea like bugs close the scalp. The lice themselves are quick and may be difficult to see, making the nits on the hair follicle the next best indication that are easier to see.

It is recommended to look for live lice. Lice are as small as a sesame seed so they can be grasped by the naked eye just by using a mirror to check one’s reflection. These bugs essentially need a host to live and this is accomplished by inserting saliva into the head to enable them feed on the blood. The adult bugs are often brown in color but can also be white and can naturally live for up to 30 days.

Another recommendation is to loo( for nits. The eggs laid are commonly denoted as nits which are very tiny small balls that are white and can be found exactly covered around the shaft of the hair. Depending on the brutality, quantities can range from a few hundred to literally thousands. Immediate treatment is suggest and considered crucial.

If symptoms are found when above recommendations were carried out, start by using lice medication in the hair for several hours, then a fine tooth comb to remove the nits while thoroughly washing the hair with clean water.