Clinical trials are described as prospective research studies done with volunteered human subjects. The clinical research studies are usually designed to find out new approaches to detect, prevent and/or treat disease. The main objective of any clinical study is to find out advancements as regards novel biomedical and medical intervention. These may include drugs or new drug combinations, vaccine treatments, food and nutritional supplements, latest surgical procedures or devices as well as latest approaches to serve as alternatives to existing treatments.
Additionally, clinical trials investigate if a new treatment or test procedure is safe and effective for use. As a research study, it confirms how well medical interventions work in people.
There is usually a protocol that guides every clinical trial. This will describe what the study is all about as well as how the studies will be conducted. Depending on the aim of the research, human volunteers are usually used for these studies some of which are volunteers with certain disease condition. Healthy volunteers could also be used.
Some volunteers for clinical trials are paid, hence the concept of paid clinical trials. That is, the volunteers are compensated for their time and participation in the clinical research studies.
Clinical trials are either sponsored by the government or by other approved bodies and organizations.
Clinical trial gov refers to a government sponsored (National Institute of Health) clinical research. The National Cancer Institute as a part of the NIH provides funds for a significant number of clinical trials about cancer in the United States. These studies are most at times carried out by a group of medical professionals/doctors as well as institutions worldwide which are referred to as the National Cancer Institute sponsored cancer cooperation group that specialize in a particular aspect of the cancer disease.
Clinical studies data are stored in a database which is the clinical trial.gov. Clinical trial.gov is known to be the clinical trial registry managed by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) at the National Institute of Health. As the largest clinical trial database, the clinical trial.gov has, from about 170 countries worldwide, over 130,000 trials registered trials registered in its database.
The clinical trials.gov was designed to serve as a public information resource that will help improve access of the public to clinical research while tracking drug efficacy studies.
Situated in Phoenix; the northeast part of the United State is the Mayo clinic built with the primary aim of providing quality patient medical care in an efficient and a professional manner. The Mayo Clinic Phoenix also owns the Mayo Clinic hospital which provides inpatient health care services in the vain to support the various medical and surgical procedures at the Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic Phoenix provides several products and services geared towards making life easy for human beings. Present is also the medical laboratory services where various tests and research are carried out to authenticate new medical procedures.
Clinical trials are very important as medical and/or health related protocols are validated as to their safety and efficacy in the treatment of diseases for better quality of life.