The term dizziness can be defined as the state of feeling lightheaded, or unbalanced which affects the sensory organs especially the eyes and ears. This can sometimes result to fainting. Don’t mistake dizziness for a disease but a symptoms of different disorders.
Vertigo and disequilibrium are two terms being used to describe dizziness. They, however have different meaning with symptoms. Vertigo is characterized by a spinning (rotating) sensation, like the room is rotating. A practical example of this is experienced like motion sickness. Disequilibrium on the other hand is described as a complete loss of balance. Actual dizziness is the state of lightheadedness or almost fainting.
A dizzy spell is a warning to something going wrong which needs to be fixed as soon as possible. Certain unexpected occurrences happen within our body system. However, dizzy spell could be warning against the following:
Overstressing can become really worse. End result for this is a stroke or heart attack from the dizzy spell.
This is a serious heart condition when there is a faster heartbeat. Angine (rapid heartbeat) results when the heart is not getting enough oxygen-rich blood which eventually results to dizzy spell.
When the body lacks enough sugar in the system, end result is a big cause of dizziness leading to experiencing dizzy spells which are form of worse diabetes or hypoglycemia.
This is the worst scenario of a dizzy spell resulting into mini stroke.
Many people do ignore the little symptoms that occur in the body whenever they feel dizzy spell or Angina. It is advisable to consult your physician once you experience such like a little fluke or something that cannot be explained as such.
CAUSES OF DIZZINESS
Common causes of dizziness include medications, migraine, alcohol and a problem in the inner part of the ear, where balancing of hearing is regulated. Some other causes of dizziness may include motion sickness; sudden drop in blood pressure; heart muscle disease; anemia (low iron); decrease in blood volume; anxiety disorders; ear infection; dehydration; hypoglycemia (low blood sugar); heat stroke; excessive exercise.
Dizziness can also result from the following:
- Vertigo as well which is commonly caused by benign positional vertigo (BPV). This causes short-term dizziness when a person changes positions quickly, like sitting up in bed after lying down.
- Meniere’s disease which results when fluid is built up in the ear with associated ear fullness, hearing loss, and tinnitus.
- In rare cases, it can be caused by a stroke, multiple sclerosis, malignancy, or another brain disorder.
- An acoustic neuroma which is a noncancerous tumor that forms on the nerve that connects the inner ear to the brain.
SIGNIFICANT SYMPTOMS OF DIZZINESS
Symptoms experienced by people feeling dizzy may feel various sensations including lightheadedness; a false sense of spinning; loss of balance; feeling of swimming; unsteadiness; and sometimes, it could be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or fainting. When any of all these are experienced, there is need to seek emergency medical assistance. Call a doctor about dizziness when you continue to have repeated bouts of dizziness along with a head injury; a headache; a neck ache; numbness; blurred vision; hearing loss; difficulty speaking; droopiness of the eye or mouth; loss of consciousness; a high fever; chest pain; ongoing vomiting. Medical attention is needed as soon as possible which indicate a serious health problem.
TREATMENTS FOR DIZZINESS
In various cases, home remedies and medical treatments can control the root cause of dizziness. The following can apply:
- Migraines are treated with medications and lifestyle changes, such as learning to identify and avoid migraine triggers.
- Inner-ear issues may be managed with medications and exercises can help control balance at home.
- BPV can be resolved with maneuvers that can help assuage symptoms.
- A healthful low-salt diet, occasional injections, or ear surgery can treat Meniere’s disease.
- Drinking plenty of fluids can help when dizziness is caused by excessive exercise, heat, or dehydration.
- Medication and anxiety-reducing techniques reduces with anxiety disorders.
WHAT YOU CAN DO ABOUT DIZZINESS
Some healthy tips to follow if you have recurrent bouts of dizziness can include the following:
- Immediately you feel dizzy, sit or lie down and rest until the dizziness goes away. The possibility of losing your balance is mitigated, to avoid falling and serious injury.
- Use a walker for stability, if necessary.
- Yoga and Tai Chi can improve balance.
- Avoid switching positions suddenly.
- Always use handrails when walking up or down the stairs.
- When you experience dizziness, avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery without warning.
- Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco. These substances may trigger dizziness or make it worse.
- If you feel dizzy due to medication or caused as a result of your medication, talk to your physician about lowering the dose or switching to another medication.
- Drink at least eight glass of water a day or get seven hours or more of sleep, and avoid stressful situations.
- Prevent dizziness by eating a healthful diet that consists of fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins.
- If dizziness is caused by overheating or dehydration, rest in a cool place and drink water.
When a person experience an irregular sensation that causes whirling motion, it is termed Vertigo which is the most general term for dizziness, having the common form of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV). This attack only occurs when there is abrupt change in the head position which is normally brought by drug therapies, head injury, and viral infection. When a person suffers from vertigo, it is recommended that the person do some few exercises to get rid of the feeling. It is therefore important to rid the sensation or assuage its effects by means possible since vertigo can cause different sensations or whirling motion that is sometimes followed by loss of balance, vomiting, fatigue, nausea, sweating, and lightheadedness. There are points in the body, or in the head that can trigger this sudden dizziness, therefore it should be avoided. One should avoid looking up while the neck is bending to the back. This has been an effective way to avoid movement that can cause dizziness. Trigger factors include:
- Sleeping positions such as when the neck is in forward bending form while there are two pillows beneath the head. One can avoid this position as it is very stressful or it is also considered to termed “vestibular rehabilitation” that can be done at home.
- It is vital to stay calm and relax to ease the effect of vertigo.
- A few exercises can also relieve the discomfort brought by this condition.
The following are the simple exercises or steps to help get rid of sensation and very effective in controlling the attack of sudden dizziness, aside from staying calm:
Exercise 1- Firstly, loosen up a bit. The tension in the head, muscle and eyes will reduce. Then stand up but make sure it is on a more level floor. This exercise is more like balancing the body to stand at rest for two minutes. Maintain this position to prepare the body.
Exercise 2 – Still maintaining perfect balance while standing, try to sway your body from both sides while still maintaining balance at all time. Do this for some minutes and if you are having problems controlling your balancing and then move onto the next step of this exercise.
Exercise 3 – For the concluding step, you will need to rotate your body 360 degree or a complete full rotation while still maintaining balance. Then, walk on a straight line. Note that some people who experience dizziness even without vertigo will definitely react to these movements. Hence it will be harder for people with this condition, even more.
WHY AM I FEELING DIZZY?
Different triggers can lead to dizziness. Some people experience it when they are emotionally distracted and confused while some feel dizziness because of triggers like vertigo, ear infections, or imbalanced nerve functions. Chronic illnesses like tumors, or cancers can as well cause dizziness. Dizziness is a normally difficult behavior to identify its cause. Dizziness problem can be classified sometimes as normal, rare, minor or major, or even serious.
- Normal causes of dizziness are probably because of lack of sleep, low blood pressure, and common illnesses associated to cough or fever.
- Major causes are the ones associated with major vertigo ailments, cancers or cardiovascular problems.
- Rare causes may be as a result of neurological mystery which changes the brain functions or nerve endings.
- Minor causes of dizziness can be a result of feeling exhausted, tired or even stressed. During trimester period, dizziness is most likely to be experienced. Shortness of breathing also can lead to dizziness, as it prevents one’s system to pump oxygen to blood which affects nerve functions.
- Emotional drenching state can trigger dizziness in person
- Some other causes can be odors, medicines, food, dehydration (our body needs water in hot season), or the person sitting or standing next to you.
In whatever form dizziness is experienced, it is recommended that you see a doctor.