Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria. Amoxicillin is used to treat many different types of infection caused by bacteria, such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, gonorrhea, and infections of the ear, nose, throat, skin, or urinary tract. Amoxicillin is also sometimes used together with another antibiotic called clarithromycin (Biaxin) to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. This combination is sometimes used with a stomach acid reducer called lansoprazole (Prevacid).
- Do not use this medication if one is allergic to amoxicillin or to any other penicillin antibiotic, such as ampicillin (Omnipen, Principen), dicloxacillin (Dycill, Dynapen), oxacillin (Bactocill), penicillin (Beepen-VK, Ledercillin VK, Pen-V, Pen-Vee K, Pfizerpen, V-Cillin K, Veetids), and others.
- Do not use amoxicillin if allergic to any penicillin antibiotic, such as ampicillin, dicloxacillin, oxacillin, penicillin, or ticarcillin. Inform the doctor if one has asthma, liver or kidney disease, mononucleosis (also called “mono”), a history of diarrhea caused by taking antibiotics or food or drug allergies (especially to a cephalosporin antibiotic such as Omnicef, Cefzil, Ceftin, Keflex, and others).
- Before using amoxicillin, tell the doctor if allergic to cephalosporins such as Omnicef, Cefzil, Ceftin, Keflex, and others. Also tell your doctor if you have asthma, liver or kidney disease, a bleeding or blood clotting disorder, mononucleosis (also called “mono”), or any type of allergy.
- Amoxicillin can make birth control pills less effective. Ask the doctor about using a nonhormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking this medicine. Take this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Amoxicillin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu. Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms.
- If one is being treated for gonorrhea, the doctor may also have one tested for syphilis, another sexually transmitted disease.
- Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If one has diarrhea that is watery or bloody, stop taking amoxicillin and call doctor. Do not use anti-diarrhea medicine unless from the doctor.
- Amoxicillin is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Inform the doctor if pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
- Amoxicillin can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Inform doctor if breast-feeding a baby.
- Amoxicillin can make birth control pills less effective. Ask doctor about using non hormonal birth control (condom, diaphragm with spermicide)to prevent pregnancy while taking this medicine.
- The amoxicillin chewable tablet may contain phenylalanine. Inform doctor before using the chewable tablets if one has phenylketonuria (PKU).
AMOXICILLIN SIDE EFFECTS
It is advisable to get emergency medical help if one has any of the signs of an allergic reaction to amoxicillin such as hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call the doctor immediately if one has:
- diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
- fever, swollen gums, painful mouth sores, pain when swallowing, skin sores, cold or flu symptoms, cough, trouble breathing;
- swollen glands, rash or itching, joint pain, or general ill feeling;
- pale or yellowed skin, yellowing of the eyes, dark colored urine, fever, confusion or weakness;
- severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness;
- easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under the skin; or
- severe skin reaction, fever, sore throat, swelling in the face or tongue, burning in the eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling’
- stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- vaginal itching or discharge;
- headache; or
- swollen, black, or “hairy” tongue.
One should check with the doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking amoxicillin such as incidence not known, abdominal or stomach cramps or tenderness, back, leg, or stomach pains. black, tarry stools, bleeding gums, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, bloating, blood in the urine, bloody nose, chest pain, chills, clay-colored stools, cough, dark urine, diarrhea which may also be bloody, difficulty with breathing, difficulty with swallowing, dizziness, fast heartbeat, feeling of discomfort, fever, general body swelling, headache, heavier menstrual periods, hives or welts, increased thirst, inflammation of the joints, itching, joint or muscle pain, loss of appetite, muscle aches, nausea or vomiting, nosebleeds, pain, pain in the lower back, pain or burning while urinating, painful or difficult urination, pale skin, pinpoint red spots on the skin, puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue, rash, red irritated eyes, redness soreness, or itching skin, shortness of breath, sore throat, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips, sores, welting, or blisters, sudden decrease in the amount of urine, swollen, lymph glands, tenderness, tightness in the chest, unpleasant breath odor, unusual bleeding or bruising, unusual tiredness or weakness, unusual weight loss, vomiting of blood, watery or bloody diarrhea, wheezing, yellow eyes or skin.
AMOXICILLIN DOSAGE STEPS
- Take amoxicillin exactly as prescribed by the doctor. Follow all directions on prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
- Take this medicine at the same time each day.
- The Moxatag brand of amoxicillin should be taken with food, or within t hour after eating a meal.
- Some forms of amoxicillin may be taken with or without food. Check medicine label to see if medicine is to be taken with food or not.
- One may need to shake the liquid medicine well just before measuring a dose. Follow the directions on the medicine label.
- Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose measuring spoon or medicine cup. One may place the liquid directly on the tongue, or mix it with water, milk, baby formula, fruit juice, or ginger ale. Drink all of the mixture right away. Do not save any for later use.
- The chewable tablet should be chewed before swallowing it.
- Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.
- While using amoxicillin, one may need frequent blood tests. Kidney and liver function may also need to be checked.
- If one is taking amoxicillin with clarithromycin and/or lansoprazole to treat stomach ulcer, use all of medications as directed. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change doses or medication schedule without the doctor’s advice.
- Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time.
- Amoxicillin will not treat a viral infection such as the flu or a common cold.
- Do not share this medicine with another person, even if they have the same symptoms.
- Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
AMOXICILLIN 5OO MG
- Please read this leaflet carefully before starting to take medicine.
- Keep this leaflet. One may need to read it again.
- Ask the doctor or pharmacist if incase of any question. This medicine has been prescribed personally and should not pass it on to others.
- It may harm them even if their symptoms are the same as ones. If any of the side effects get serious, or if one notices any side effects not listed in the leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Follow all directions given by the doctor or pharmacist. Their directions may differ from the information contained in this leaflet. Doctor may advise one to take medicine in a different way, so one should always follow the doctor’s advice about when and how to take the medicine and always read the label. Pharmacist may be able to help if one is not sure. The maximum daily dose is 5g given in divided doses.
Adults including the elderly:
- The usual dose of Amoxicillin Capsules is 250mg three times a day
- For more severe infections this may be doubled to 500mg three times a day
- High doses may be used in the following conditions:
- For severe or recurrent chest infections a dose of 39 twice daily given orally is usually recommended
- For simple urinary tract infections an adult dose of two 39 doses given orally with 10 to 12 hours between doses (short course)
- For the treatment of dental abscesses two 39 doses given orally with 8 hours between doses is recommended
- For gonorrhoea a single 39 dose given orally is recommended
- For stomach ulcers, the following may be prescribed with other antibiotics: 1 x 750mg or l- x 19 twice a day for 7 days.
It is recommended that children be given Amoxicillin as a suspension instead of as capsules.
- Children weighing more than 40kg should be given the usual adult dosage.
- Children weighing less than 40kg who are able to swallow capsules: All doses are worked out depending on the child s body weight in kilograms. Your doctor will advise you how much medicine you should give to your baby or child. The usual dose is 40mg to 90mg for each kilogram of body weight a day, given in two or three divided doses.
Amoxicillin is an antibiotic in the penicillin family. If a child is agitated by penicillin antibiotics, it can result in a rash on the skin. It is important to note that an allergic reaction to amoxicillin will not cause a rash to appear. An allergic reaction will cause hives or difficulty breathing. The rash may be a sign that one is suffering from a viral infection in addition to the bacterial infection the medication was used to treat. Rashes will not usually need treatment, but home remedies can be used to speed healing time if necessary.
Symptoms of Amoxicillin Rash
Pink or red spots, rash, chills, fever, headaches, dizziness, heartburn, flu-like symptoms, body aches, nausea, vomiting and watery or bloody stools, infections.
Treatments for Amoxicillin Rash
- Flushing the toxins out of the body can help to alleviate the rash throughout the body. Drink plenty of fluids, especially water to help the body clear toxins from the blood stream more effectively. This will also help rid the body of the bacteria causing the infection.
- Taking an oatmeal bath can sooth the symptoms associated with an amoxicillin rash’ Mixes for an oatmeal bath can often be found at the grocery store or pharmacy. If one cannot find a premixed oatmeal bath, add a cup of oatmeal to a warm bath’ Soak in the bathtub for 15-30 minutes as needed to ease the discomfort. Take care when draining the bathtub afterward as the oatmeal can clog the drain if it clumps in the piping.
Taking antihistamine medication such as Benadryl can help take down the rash if it is uncomfortable or has lasted for several days. If it becomes necessary to take medication to rid of the effects of the rash then it may be best to avoid amoxicillin medication in the future. Discuss with the doctor about changing the prescription and whether or not one should finish the medication left. If one develops watery or bloody diarrhea in addition to the rash, inform the doctor right away. This is especially important if one has stopped taking mediation and then restarted. It may be a sign that one has developed a more severe bacterial infection that the medication cannot treat.