Many destructive bacteria that cause contamination in the body make their entry through the nose, so taking proper care of the nasal health and proper cleanliness of the nasal cavity is very important for general wellbeing. Blockage of the nose is a very disturbing situation especially when the nose is all blocked up thereby affecting one’s sleep and hindering day to day activities. Inhaling the vapor of hot water to loosen the mucus is the first resolution, you can also try drinking lot of juicy fluids, and if the techniques fail you may need to seek medication.
In the case of an allergy or cold, nasal sprays are the small drive that sprays the medicine into the nose clearing congestion. Antihistamines containing sprays are used for allergies caused by dust or pollen. Steroid and decongestant nasal sprays help in sinus ailment. You have to know that prolonged use of aggressive nasal sprays can harm the mucous membranes of the nose.
When the nose gets congested due to an expansion of the membranes in the lining of the nose, the nasal sprays constrict the blood vessels and clears congestion. However, the constant use of the sprays may increase the tolerance of the membrane, thereby reducing the effect of the spray. This would require the increased use of the nasal sprays and would result in rebound congestion once the usage is stopped. The tolerance is not permanent and is reversible if the usage is stopped for a while, and it would always be better if the spray is not used continuously.
Nasal sprays are also used to treat ailments of other parts of the body, where the medicine gets absorbed into the blood through the blood vessels of the nose. While spraying, the draining of the medicine to the throat must be avoided as it may taste unpleasant.
Different Types of Nasal Sprays
Ocean/Saline Nasal Sprays
This product contains a pure salt (sodium chloride ) solution. It does not contain any added medication. Spray this product into each nostril as needed or as directed by a doctor. This product may also be used as drops or a stream. Adhere strictly to all directions on the product package before usage. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Most manufacturers of saline nasal sprays sometimes add additives and preservatives into their solutions which eventually cause side effects and an individual can even become addictive. In order to prevent this, always choose a natural SNS. Saline nasal sprays are efficient for most people, however; they do not totally resolve sinus condition. A saline nasal spray can help in many cases. A good nasal spray should be able to decongest the nose up to 12 hours, significantly reducing the inflammation. Overdose can, however, cause burning sensations, excess mucus or sneezing. Saline nasal sprays help stuffy nose especially in young children who cannot blow their noses. With the help of this product, the mucus can easier be removed with a nasal bulb syringe which helps relieve stuffiness and makes breathing easier.
Fluticasone Nasal Spray
Fluticasone belongs to the class of medications called corticosteroids. It performs by blocking the release of some natural substances that cause allergic symptoms. This gives relieve to sneezing, runny, or itchy nose as well as watery eyes initiated by hay fever or other allergies (pollen, dust, mold, or pets). Fluticasone comes as a liquid spray which can either be prescribed or non-prescribed. Fluticasone nasal spray can be sprayed in the nostril once daily. On the other hand, fluticasone nasal spray can be sometimes sprayed in each nostril twice daily (morning and evening) at a lower dose recommended by your doctor. As an adult, you will start your treatment with a higher dose of fluticasone nasal spray and then reduce the dose when your symptoms improve. If administering to a child, you will begin with a lower dose and then increase if symptoms do not improve. Also, you must decrease the dose when the child’s symptoms show improvement. Follow strictly the directions on your prescription or product label, use fluticasone exactly as directed. An adult should assist children younger than L2 years old to use fluticasone nasal spray. It should be noted that children younger than 4 years of age should not be allowed use this medication. Fluticasone nasal spray should only be applied to the nose. Do not swallow the nasal spray and be careful not to spray it into your eyes or mouth.
A bottle of fluticasone nasal spray should be used by only one person. It shouldn’t be shared so as to prevent the spread germs.
Fluticasone nasal spray considerably controls the symptoms of hay fever or allergies but does not cure these conditions. You may not notice any improvement in the symptoms for at least L2 hours after the first use fluticasone because it may take longer time or several days before the effect is seen. Fluticasone performs better when used frequently. Use fluticasone on regularly except if your doctor has told you to use it as required.
Afrin Sinus (Oxymetazoline) Nasal
This medicine is used for short-term relief of congestion in the nose caused by a variety of conditions including sinusitis, the common cold, allergies and sinusitis, hay fever. It performs by contracting the blood vessels in the nose region, reducing inflammation and congestion. It can also be used to relieve “plugged ears” and swelling in the nose before certain surgery procedures. The medication must be used as directed by a physician. Ensure you follow all directions on the product and use as recommended by your doctor. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Atrovent Nasal Sprays
Ipratropium is the generic name of Atrovent nasal sprays. It is used to treat swelling and runny nose caused by the common cold or seasonal allergies. It works by reducing the amount of fluid/mucus released from inside the nose. The dosage is based on medical condition, age, and response to treatment.
Study the patient Information Leaflet from the pharmacist before commencing the usage of ipratropium and anytime you get a fill-up. Learning how to use this spray properly is also essential. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to ask your doctor or pharmacist. Follow completely the instructions for priming the spray if you are using it for the first time or if you have not used it for more than 24 hours. While priming the spray, ensure you take precaution by spraying away from the face to avoid the medication from getting into your eyes. It may cause irritation of the eye, temporary blurred vision, and other vision impairment. If the medication mistakenly gets into the eyes, rinse your eyes with water for a few minutes. Tell your doctor immediately you notice any symptom.
Blow your nose gently before applying this drug. Spray the medication into the nose as instructed by your doctor, generally 3 or 4 times a day in each nostril using your finger to close the other nostril not receiving the medication. While keeping your head upright, place the spray tip into the open nostril. As you breathe through your nose, spray the medication into the open nostril. Sniff hard a few times to ensure the medication get to deep into the nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril if needed.
In order to get the best result, the medication must be used regularly. It works best when used at evenly spaced intervals. Use the medication at the same time daily to help you remember and be consistent. Do not attempt increasing your dose or use the medication more often or for a longer time than directed without first consulting your doctor.
Hold the nasal tip of the spray under warm running water for a few minutes anytime it gets clogged if the spray gets clogged. Dry the tip of the nasal spray and prime the again. Avoid using use sharp object to clear the spray. You may notice an improvement on the first day after using this medication. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.
Avoid spraying the medication into your eyes or onto the middle of the inside of your nose (nasal septum).
After each use, rinse the spray tip with slightly hot water or wipe with a clean tissue after each use. Make sure that water doesn’t get inside the container. Also, replace cap after each use.
This medication provides only temporary relief. Do not use regularly and avoid using more sprays or prolonged usage than directed not to increase the risk of side effects. The medication may cause a condition known as rebound congestion if used consistently for more than 3 days. Symptoms of rebound congestion include long-term redness and swelling inside the nose and increased runny nose. If this occurs, stop the medication immediately and consult your doctor or pharmacist. If condition worsens or persists after 3 days you would need to visit a doctor.