Acne is a common disorder which affects the skin’s oil glands as a result of dirt and dead cell buildup in the pores of the skin, accumulating into pores or hair follicles and form small blackheads, then become white heads and pustules when swollen forming pimples. Pimples are found mostly on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders or appear literally anywhere. Acne causes unsightly and in uncommon cases eternal marking. Acne grows when the hair, sebum and skin cells tuft together, resulting to growth of a bacterium causing swelling. When the plug starts to break down, a pimple grows. It is common in both teenagers and adults.

Acne FormationAdult acne causes a lot of pain and distress. Adult acnes can be caused due to stress, harmful lifestyle, use of bad cosmetics, hormonal discrepancy. Medications recommended for treating acne usually contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, which do cure acne but frequently have critical side effects including extreme dryness of the skin, cracking, itching, scarring etc. Salicylic acid is linked to severe conditions like hearing and memory impairment etc. These are some natural treatments for adult acne without any detrimental side effects:

  • Fruits and vegetables can be used to cure adult acne.
  • Tomato and cucumber juice reduce symptoms.
  • Proper hydration to clear skin. Drinking lots of fluids and water throughout the day helps cleans the body internally of all excess toxins and impurities.
  • Exercising is a good way to clear the pores of the skin.
  • Use of oil massages.
  • Proper diet is extremely important for clearing acne.
  • Consumption of probiotics helps to reduce acne.

CAUSES OF ACNE

  • Increase of hormones in puberty causing the oil glands to clog and plug up.
  • Hormonal changes in older women when pregnant
  • Hereditary factors
  • Menstruation
  • Emotional stress
  • It may result as a side effect from oral conffaceptive pill.
  • Hereditary
  • Medications.
  • Skin stress or abrasion
  • Use of greasy oil-based cosmetics (Make-up).

TREATMENTS

  • Use of face washes or creams.
  • Use of a course of antibiotics and/or steroids over a period as prescribed
  • Use of rich vitamin E products.
  • Use of “noncomedogenic” cosmetics and toiletries.

STAGES IN ACNE

– Mild acne which is also known as non-inflammatory acne

– Moderate to moderately severe acne also known as inflammatory acne.

– Severe acne which is rare and consists of a mixture of both inflammatory and noninflammatory acne.

FACTS ABOUT ACNE

  • Chocolate does not cause acne.
  • Dirt does not cause acne.
  • Sexual activity does not cause acne.
  • Hot climate does not lead to having acne
  • Acne is not caused by poor hygiene
  • Acne is not caused by diet
  • Squeezing a pimple may increase pimples

1.0 CYSTIC ACNE

Cystic acne is a disparity of acne, severe and usually occurs on the face, chest or back and tends to be larger than the average pimple.

CAUSES OF CYSTIC ACNE

Cystic acne occurs with the combination of excessive dead skin cells gathered, sebum, including sweat clogging pores when acne changes into cysts.

TREATMENTS

  • It is very important to avoid squeezing and picking at the cysts as it makes them much worse
  • Avoid touching the face and acne too.
  • One risk associated with moderate to severe cystic acne is intense marking which results into very severe physical marks. Scars could be temporary and could last for 6 to 7 months looking like cysts. This can be controlled by smearing ointments or creams with isotretinoin. For mild to moderate acne, antimicrobial or antibiotic creams or ointments are recommended.

2.0 HOW TO GET RID OF ACNE

Acne treatmentsBody and face acne treatments depend on the harshness. A mild acne may be treated with over-the-counter products, a severe acne must be treated by a physician. The following are recommended:

  • For mild acne, use cleansers and creams containing acne rebellious ingredients like alphahydroxy acid to dry the scars, benzoyl peroxide to reduce pore clogging, salicylic acid to dry the scars, and tea-tree oil to kill the bacteria.
  • For severe acne, use prescribed antibiotics containing erythromycin or tetracycline to kill bacteria.
  • For very severe cases, accutane may be prescribed but it has some side-effects.

3.0 HOME REMEDIES FOR ACNE

The body just needs proper skin care and the correct nutritional balance to prevent acne.

  • Nutmeg and milk makes an effective treatment: Mix ground nutmeg with some room temperature milk until it forms a paste. Apply to the areas affected by acne and allow it on overnight. The acne disappears quickly without leaving unpleasant marks on the face.
  • Sleep is essential for healthy skin, as it helps to replenish the body with the nutrients that it lost during the day, while decreasing tension and anxiety.
  • Reduce stress to maximize anti-acne efforts: Stress (emotional and physiological) are common reasons for acne breakouts. Physiological stress like an illness leave the body dehydrated, having less water for the skin to purge toxins. Emotional stress can wreak havoc on the internal systems.
  • Do not squeeze blackheads, rather use a special blackhead cleaner and wash face often.
  • Cut back on coffee: Some studies revealed that coffee, with or without caffeine, rouses cortisone production which causes acne to get worse. Try drinking either green or white tea instead of coffee. If stressed out, avoid completely drinking of coffee until acne clears up.
  • Avoid using hair care products with excessive liquid residues as these residues tend to drip on the face, causing clogging of pores and contribute significantly to acne infections.
  • Use a honey mask one to two times per week: The natural antibacterial properties of honey can kill bacteria, which prevents infection, giving the immune system less work to do thereby clearing up acne faster. Honey also contain nutrients that are essential for healing, and reduces pain.
  • If acne is not severe, use an over-the-counter balm containing sulfur, salicylic acid, or benzoyl peroxide as these ingredients dry out the affected area leaving the rest of the skin hydrated.
  • Avoid longer period staying under the sun: This causes cells to die and create more blockage in the pores. If it’s inevitable, wear protective head gear like a hat.
  • To avoid breakout, exfoliate the skin: When scrubbing is done, one is removing the buildup of dead skin cells. Daily exfoliation keeps the skin soft and smooth, brighten the complexion making skin less prone to breakouts.
  • Treat infected skin very gently: Don’t squeeze roughly as it may cause permanent damage to the face. The skin where acne forms is very sensitive.
  • Avoid touching the face throughout the day: The hands typically carry dirt, oil and bacteria, at any given time. Use a tissue or wash hands first, if need be to scratch or rub an area on the face.
  • Drinking plenty of water remove acne: When skin is dehydrated it can’t effectively get rid of the dead skin cells, which then clog up pores leading to acne. It is recommended that one drinks at least two liters of still mineral water daily.
  • Use of licorice root: Being an all-natural herb whose ingredients is known to reduce the redness of acne thereby removing it likewise. The root is good for people with all skin types and recommended daily.
  • Take chromium: Chromium can be obtained through diet or through supplement as it fights acne healing any infections on the skin.
  • Use of Peruvian root vegetable (Maca) to remove acne: Maca is rich in nutrients and vitamins that help to stabilize and balance body’s system, and controlling the hormones that could be causing acne.
  • Use of a coffee ground scrub: A natural constituent that makes acne less severe is the coffee beans. One can use the coffee grounds that are left over in the coffee pot and dump it on a sponge to use it all over the body.
  • Sleep well to prevent acneSleep well at night: Sleep is what the body needs to repair itself from the wear and tear of the day, and also fact for the skin.
  • Natural skin care products may remove acne: Products derived directly from natural plants are not as harsh as more complex chemicals and work more harmoniously with the skin. Natural products are not expensive compared to their artificial equivalents.
  • Garlic is good to use as it prevents acne breakouts: The natural antibiotics kills the bacteria causing acne. Crush two cloves of garlic and rub on the face. After 30 minutes, wash with warm water.
  • Eat as many vegetables, fruits and nuts as possible. Acne forms because the body has deficiencies in certain minerals contained in these foods.

4.O SEVERE ACNE

Severe acne is the outcome of swelling, deep swellings, extensive injury to scars and skin. This occurs when extremely red, swollen, and deep acne wounds occur to the extent the skin is disfigured. This causes significant scarring and permanently damaging the skin. A physician especially a dermatologist can treat acne, classically with an oral medication. Acne scars need treatment, habitually with skin procedure like microdermabrasion, removing the damaged layers of skin.

THE FOUR MAIN TYPES OF SEVERE ACNE

  • Nodulocystic acne.
  • Acne conglobata
  • Acne fulminans.
  • Gram negative folliculitis.

CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS OF SEVERE ACNE

This is caused by hormones, heredity and bacteria. This type of acne causes large cysts and bumps which can lead to permanent scars on the skin. The symptoms of severe acne are defacing deep wounds of the face, chest, neck and cysts.

5.0 FOREHEAD ACNE

This occurs when excess oil and dead skin cells bunged up the pores which then leads to swelling. This could result from genetic factors, changes in hormonal levels when undergoing menstrual cycles, use of cosmetics that are non-comedogenic, high stress level and even unbalanced diet. Forehead acne can be treated by limiting hand contact with forehead, tying up hair to prevent settling of oil on forehead, using hair spray with care, avoiding head gears, and avoiding smoke.

6.0 BABY ACNE

Little red bumps on baby are alarming to a new parent. Baby acne is usually harmless.

CAUSES

– During pregnancy: During the end stages of pregnancy, the mother’s hormones can enter the baby’s body through the placenta

– Before birth spread to the baby, after birth via the mother’s breast milk: These may be introduced into the infant’s body which causes hormonal shifts, resulting in over stimulation of the oil glands. These overstimulated oil glands can result to acne which may continue with erratic rashes for the first six months for the baby.

TREATMENTS

  • This acne requires no medical treatment, as it usually clears up on its own.
  • Keep the babies face clean and dry cleaning it twice daily with plain, warm water (hot water can increase and worsen it) and baby soap.
  • Keep saliva and liquids from the child’s bottle wiped away from the edges of the mouth and chin as the wetness may irritate the acne condition, prolonging symptoms. Male children are more likely to suffer from this type of acne, though it can affect girls as well.
  • Some babies might react to medication, notify the doctor when red patches or bumps are noticed.
  • Avoid laundry detergents which are filled with unnecessary or harsh chemicals.
  • Avoid oils or lotions on the infants face. These will only add more to the condition, as the oil glands are already overworking, producing large volumes of skin oil. You want to allow the skin time to return to a normal consistency.
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